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The Giant's Causeway (or Irish: Clochán na bhFómharach) is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption. It is located on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland, about two miles (3 km) north of the town of Bushmills. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986, and a National Nature Reserve in 1987 by the Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland. In a 2005 poll of Radio Times readers, the Giant's Causeway was named as the fourth greatest natural wonder in the United Kingdom. The tops of the columns form stepping stones that lead from the cliff foot and disappear under the sea. Most of the columns are hexagonal, although there are also some with four, five, seven and eight sides. The tallest are about 12 metres (36 ft) high, and the solidified lava in the cliffs is 28 metres thick in places.
The Giant's Causeway is today owned and managed by the National Trust and it is the most popular tourist attraction in Northern Ireland.
During the Paleogene period, Antrim was subject to intense volcanic activity, when highly fluid molten basalt intruded through chalk beds to form an extensive lava plateau. As the lava cooled rapidly, contraction occurred. While contraction in the vertical direction reduced the flow thickness (without fracturing), horizontal contraction could only be accommodated by cracking throughout the flow. The extensive fracture network produced the distinctive columns seen today. The basalts were originally part of a great volcanic plateau called the Thulean Plateau which formed during the Paleogene period.
Legend has it that the Irish giant Fionn mac Cumhaill (Finn McCool) built the causeway to walk to Scotland to fight his Scottish counterpart Benandonner. One version of the legend tells that Fionn fell asleep before he got to Scotland. When he did not arrive, the much larger Benandonner crossed the bridge looking for him. To protect Fionn, his wife Oonagh laid a blanket over him so he could pretend that he was actually their baby son. In a variation, Fionn fled after seeing Benandonner's great bulk, and asked his wife to disguise him as the baby. In both versions, when Benandonner saw the size of the 'infant', he assumed the alleged father, Fionn, must be gigantic indeed. Therefore, Benandonner fled home in terror, ripping up the Causeway in case he was followed by Fionn.
Another variation is that Oonagh painted a rock shaped like a steak and gave it to Benandonner, whilst giving the baby (Fionn) a normal steak. When Benandonner saw that the baby was able to eat it so easily, he ran away, tearing up the causeway.
The "causeway" legend corresponds with geological history in as much as there are similar basalt formations (a part of the same ancient lava flow) at the site of Fingal's Cave on the isle of Staffa in Scotland.
Molly & Billy Cox
I have attached a few pictures of our recent trip to Ireland. Billy & I had a wonderful time on our 658 road miles trip across Ireland!
Billy was an excellent driver and I was an excellent ( read horrid ) back seat driver sitting in the passenger seat! "Go Mall"- became my cry!The driving part was stressful but it was a terrific adventure that we really did enjoy.
We saw so many sights we had to get home to remember it all. Bill's favorite was the Cliff's of Moher and my favorite places were Kinsale in County Cork and the small village of Ardmore in County Waterford.
We had much seafood and many fabulous beers. Someone introduced us to Bulmer's Irish Cider and the Guinness guy and the Murphy's gal agreed and it became another favorite for both of us.
The weather was extremely nice with very little rain. Our last day in Dublin was the only day where we had a rain that lasted all day. We bought two umbrellas and trekked the streets of Dublin for several hours before giving in to a taxi ride back to our hotel!
The accommodations that you booked for us met our expectations and the breakfasts were always nice.
Thank You so much for all the work you did to help us on this exciting journey.
Go raibh maith agat,
Molly & Billy Cox
New Boston, Texas
Molly & Billy Cox, New Boston, Texas, USA