Caernarvon is architecturally one of the most impressive of all of the castles in Wales. Edward I started the building in 1283 and it marked a definitive chapter in his conquest of Wales, Caernarfon was constructed not only as a military stronghold but also as a seat of government and royal palace.

The town of Gwynedd, north-west Wales acted as an administrative centre and as a result the defences were built on a grand scale. This was strategically an excellent place to build a castle as it was situated on the Menai Strait allowing Edward speedy access between the North Welsh coast and the Western Coast.

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